Boron

Chemical Symbol

B


Overview

Boron is a mineral that is found primarily in plants and is essential for the growth of plants. Boron is essential for the health of bones and joint function. It is often given to those suffering from arthritis and can be taken to help bone density. Some studies show that it may have a minor effect on mental health, but the research has been minimal.


Function

Boron seems to be essential for healthy bone and joint functioning particularly in women; based on previous research it seems to affect cell membranes and the way signals are transmitted across them. Boron also affects the way steroid hormones are metabolized and may play a role in converting vitamin D to it active form and metabolizing the male sex hormone.


Forms Available


Recommended Intake

There are no established recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) values due to the need for further research, but the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) values are as follows:

Children and Adolescents

  • 1 to 3 years old: 3 milligrams per day (mg/day)
  • 4 to 8 years old: 6 mg/day
  • 9 to 13 years old: 11 mg/day
  • 14 to 18 years old: 17 mg/day

Adults

  • Older than 19 years old: 20 mg/day

Women

  • Pregnant and lactating older than 19 years old: 20 mg/day
  • Pregnant and lactating 14 to 18 years old: 17 mg/day

Deficiency

Boron deficiencies have been shown to affect calcium and magnesium metabolism and affect the makeup of bones. The effect boron has on bone makeup and structure is similar to that of osteoporosis, this is more than likely due to the increased absorption and excretion of calcium and magnesium. Some epidemiological studies have indicated a linked between boron deficiencies and osteoarthritis as well.


Sources in the Diet

Plant foods like fruits, vegetables, and nuts are rich in boron, however the amount of boron in each food depends on the soil in which it was grown. Some examples of boron rich foods are avocados, red kidney beans, prunes, chickpeas, dried peaches, raisins, pears and almonds.


Recent Studies and Articles

National Boron Research Institute

http://www.boren.gov.tr/en/

Boron's history and facts

http://www.healthy.net/Health/Essay/BORON_An_Ortho_Mineral/542

Boron study with estrogen, testosterone, and metablism

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3678698


Challenges Presented


Watson Products

BORON 1% ON DCP , DP-21,44LB CTN (20 KG)CARTON
BORON HYDROLYSATE 5% , 44 LB (20 KG.) CARTON


Sources

  1. [0] – http://djarn.edublogs.org/files/2011/01/periodic-table-2jh1745.gif
  2. [0] – http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/natural/894.html#Action
  3. [] – Hendler S., Rorvik D., Fleming T.,et al. Physicians’ Desk Reference for Nutritional Supplements. Montvale, NJ: Medical Economics Company, Inc.; 2001.
  4. [] – Reavley N. The New Encyclopedia of Vitamins, Minerals, Supplements and Herbs. New York, NY: M. Evans and Company, Inc.; 1998.
  5. [] – Nelms, M. Sucher, K. Lacey, K. Roth, S. Nutrition Therapy & Pathophysiology. 2 ed. New York, NY: Cengage Learning; 2011.
  6. [] – Higdon J., Drake V., An Evidence-based Approach to Vitamins and Minerals. New York, NY: Thieme Publishing Group.; 2012