Chromium

Chemical Symbol

Cr


Overview

Chromium is a trace mineral, meaning it only occurs in minute quantities and our bodies only need it in small amounts. Chromium is essential for normal sugar metabolism and works with the hormone insulin to help cells take in glucose and break it down for energy use.


Function

Chromium is a key component in the metabolism of sugar. It is part of a compound called the glucose tolerance factor or GTF, where it works together with insulin to help cells take in and break down glucose to be used for energy. Aside from the metabolism of sugar, chromium can help to lower LDLs, increase HDLs, help increase metabolism and weight loss as well as help maintain muscle mass in those with HIV/AIDS.


Forms Available


Recommended Intake

Infants

  • Up to 6 months: 0.2 micrograms per day (mcg/day)
  • 7 to 12 months: 5.5 mcg/day

 

Children

  • 1 to 3 years old: 11 mcg/day
  • 4 to 8 years old: 15 mcg/day
  • Males 9 to 13 years old: 25 mcg/day
  • Females 9 to 13 years old: 21 mcg/day

 

Adolescents and Adults

  • Males
    • 14 to 50 years old: 35 mcg/day
    • 51 years old and older: 30 mcg/day
    • Females
      • 14 to 18 years old: 24 mcg/day
      • 19 to 50 years old: 25 mcg/day
      • 51 years old and older: 20 mcg/day

Deficiency

Those with a chromium deficiency may have symptoms like high amounts of fat within the blood or high cholesterol levels, and diabetes – like symptoms such as glucose intolerance, weakness, weight loss and frequent urination. Deficiencies in chromium are common in patients with Type II diabetes which can help to explain why glucose intake is less efficient in these patients. Low chromium levels are also linked to heart disease because of ability to lower blood cholesterol levels when the body has the proper amounts.


Sources in the Diet

Chromium can be found in brown sugar, cheddar cheese, dark chocolate, many nuts, mushrooms, cod, oysters and spinach.


Recent Studies and Articles

Chromium and diabetes

http://www.naturalnews.com/027398_chromium_diabetes_natural.html

Chromium helping reduce blood sugar

http://www.naturalnews.com/039696_high_blood_sugar_cinnamon_bitter_melon.html


Challenges Presented


Watson Products


Sources

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  2. [0] – http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002418.htm
  3. [] – Hendler S., Rorvik D., Fleming T.,et al. Physicians’ Desk Reference for Nutritional Supplements. Montvale, NJ: Medical Economics Company, Inc.; 2001.
  4. [] – Reavley N. The New Encyclopedia of Vitamins, Minerals, Supplements and Herbs. New York, NY: M. Evans and Company, Inc.; 1998.
  5. [] – Nelms, M. Sucher, K. Lacey, K. Roth, S. Nutrition Therapy & Pathophysiology. 2 ed. New York, NY: Cengage Learning; 2011.
  6. [] – Boyle, Marie A. and Anderson Sara L. Personal Nutrition. 7th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning; 2007.
  7. [] – Higdon J., Drake V., An Evidence-based Approach to Vitamins and Minerals. New York, NY: Thieme Publishing Group.; 2012