Chemical Symbol



Fluoride is not classified as an essential nutrient for the body, however, it is desired because of its ability to assist with strengthening bones and teeth and preventing dental carries also known as cavities.


Fluoride helps keep teeth strong by strengthening tooth enamel. It helps prevent the decay of teeth or cavities by forming with calcium and phosphorus. Fluoride also assists in keeping up bone strength by making them more stable and resistant to degeneration.

Forms Available

Recommended Intake

The Food and Nutrition Board at the Institute of Medicine suggests the following intake per day:


  • Up to 6 months: 0.01 milligrams (mg)
  • 7 to 12 months: 0.5  mg


  • 1 to 3 years old: 0.7 mg
  • 4 to 8 years old: 1.0 mg
  • 9 to 13 years old: 2.0 mg

Adolescents and Adults

  • Males 14 to 18 years old: 3.0 mg
  • Males over 18 years old: 4.0 mg
  • Females over 14 years old: 3.0 mg

It is best to consult a doctor about the proper fluoride intake that fits your health and lifestyle.  Parents should especially talk to their children’s doctor about their specific intake of fluoride per day.


Low levels of fluoride can lead to dental carries or cavities in children as well as possible osteoporosis in adults. Fluoride deficiency is more common in areas where drinking water is not fluorinated.

Sources in the Diet

Most of our fluoride can be attained through drinking water but it can be attain fluoride from tea, cottage cheese, coffee, some soups. You can also purchase toothpastes that contain fluoride or go to your dentist and get fluoride treatments.

Recent Studies and Articles

Fluoride prevens tooth decay for adults


History and the facts of fluoride


Challenges Presented

Watson Products


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  6. [] – Boyle, Marie A. and Anderson Sara L. Personal Nutrition. 7th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning; 2007.
  7. [0] – Nodern Nutrition in Health and Disease; Tenth Edition