Magnesium

Chemical Symbol

Mg


Overview

Magnesium is one of the most abundant minerals in the soft tissues of the body. It is found in high concentrations inside cells, particularly within the brain and the heart.


Function

Metabolism: Magnesium is a co-factor in a wide variety of enzyme reactions in the body, particularly those involving the metabolism of food and the formation of new compounds essential for good health. Any enzymatic reaction that requires the storage of ATP (adenosine triphosphate) needs magnesium. Magnesium is also needed for protein synthesis, DNA manufacture, fatty acid synthesis, anaerobic breakdown of glucose and the removal of toxic substances from the body.

Bone and calcium interactions: Magnesium is essential for bone health and strength. Calcium and magnesium interact with each other for many body processes like the regulation of blood vessel tone and the contraction of muscles, calcium is a muscle stimulant while magnesium is a relaxant.

Other functions: Supplementation with magnesium can be used to treat or improve a variety symptoms and problems. Supplementation can help improve pancreatic function and glucose tolerance, relieve angina; help treat hypertension, autism and ADHD; and may lower risk for cancer.


Forms Available


Recommended Intake

Children

  • 1 to 3 years old: 80 milligrams (mg)
  • 4 to 8 years old: 130 mg
  • 9 to 13 years old: 240 mg

 

Males

  • 14 to 18 years old: 410 mg
  • 19 years old and older: 400-420 mg

 

 

 

Females

  • 19 years old and older: 310-320 mg
  • Pregnant: 350-400 mg
  • Lactating: 310-360 mg

Deficiency

A deficiency in magnesium can affect all of the body tissues and are rare. Symptoms of a severe deficiency include personality changes, anorexia, weakness, vertigo, convulsions, muscle cramps and tremors. Magnesium deficiencies generally lead to low blood calcium levels as well. A deficiency can occur when people are malnourished, undergo major surgery, serious burns, kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes, heavy exercise or cancer.


Sources in the Diet

Magnesium can be found in most nuts including almonds, peanuts and cashews, in spinach, tofu, black beans, oysters, baked potatoes and avocados.


Recent Studies and Articles

Magnesium and memory

http://www.webmd.com/brain/news/20100127/magnesium-may-improve-memory

Overview of magnesium research

http://drcarolyndean.com/2012/02/magnesium-research-is-solid/

Magnesium and migraines

http://www.livestrong.com/article/488979-research-about-magnesium-for-migraines/


Challenges Presented

  • Off flavor
  • Solubility
  • pH impact

Watson Products

MAGNESIUM OXIDE 60% , DP-21,22 LB (10 KG)CARTON
MAGNESIUM OXIDE 40% , DP-21,22 LB (10 KG)CARTON
MAGNESIUM OXIDE 40% MG 22LBS CARTON


Sources

  1. [0] – http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002423.htm
  2. [] – Reavley N. The New Encyclopedia of Vitamins, Minerals, Supplements and Herbs. New York, NY: M. Evans and Company, Inc.; 1998.
  3. [] – Nelms, M. Sucher, K. Lacey, K. Roth, S. Nutrition Therapy & Pathophysiology. 2 ed. New York, NY: Cengage Learning; 2011.
  4. [] – Higdon J., Drake V., An Evidence-based Approach to Vitamins and Minerals. New York, NY: Thieme Publishing Group.; 2012
  5. [] – Boyle, Marie A. and Anderson Sara L. Personal Nutrition. 7th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning; 2007.
  6. [0] – http://djarn.edublogs.org/files/2011/01/periodic-table-2jh1745.gif